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The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will receive $30 million over five years to build and operate an Advanced Quantum Testbed (AQT). Researchers will use the testbed to explore superconducting quantum processors and evaluate how these emerging
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Date:
09/24/2018
Crowd Counting Through Walls With WiFi
(Santa Barbara, Calif.) -- Researchers in UC Santa Barbara professor Yasamin Mostofi's lab have given the first demonstration of crowd counting through walls using only everyday communication signals such as WiFi. The technique, which requires only a wireless transmitter and receiver outside the area of interest,
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Date:
09/24/2018
A Turbo Boost for Materials Science

With support from the National Science Foundation's TRIPODS+X program, Lehigh University's Josh Agar is partnering with the University of California at Berkeley to increase the speed of materials discovery and development, with implications in fields including electronics, healthcare and energy systems.

Every so often, the search for functional materials--materials designed with properties and characteristics that allow it to do something spectacular--delivers a fundamental change to the way we live. 5000 years ago, the discovery and use of bronze enabled no less a task than the ushering in of modern civilization.
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Date:
09/24/2018

Breakthrough in Blending Metals

Five metal elements are blended here in a small cluster on a one-nanometer scale.

Researchers in Japan have found a way to create innovative materials by blending metals with precision control. Their approach, based on a concept called atom hybridization, opens up an unexplored area of chemistry that could lead to the development of advanced functional materials. Background Multimetallic
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Date:
09/24/2018
New Battery Gobbles up Carbon Dioxide
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- A new type of battery developed by researchers at MIT could be made partly from carbon dioxide captured from power plants. Rather than attempting to convert carbon dioxide to specialized chemicals using metal catalysts, which is currently highly challenging, this battery could continuously
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Date:
09/21/2018
Graphene Bilayer Provides Efficient Transport and Control of Spins

This is Christian Leutenantsmeyer (L) and co-author Josep Ingla-Aynés.

University of Groningen physicists in collaboration with a theoretical physics group from Universität Regensburg have built an optimized bilayer graphene device which displays both long spin lifetimes and electrically controllable spin-lifetime anisotropy. It has the potential for practical applications such
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Date:
09/21/2018
$2 Million Award to Reimagine US Power Grid
A $2 million award will equip Michigan State University - and partners Arizona State University, Dresser-Rand and Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures - with resources to develop the next generation of designs for long-duration storage on the United States power grid. The award, created by the U.S. Department
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Date:
09/20/2018
Using Hydrogen, Methane and Methanol to Reduce CO2 Emissions
Six percent of the world's CO2 emissions are generated by steel production. The use of renewable energy sources in the steel industry is thus very important for responding to climate change. For this reason, researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now initiated
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Date:
09/20/2018
Commercially Relevant Bismuth-Based Thin Film Processing

The powder sample is insoluble, therefore fabrication of devices using wet processes is not possible.

Osaka - Developing materials suitable for use in optoelectronic devices is currently a very active area of research. The search for materials for use in photoelectric conversion elements has to be carried out in parallel with developing the optimal film formation process for each material, and this can take
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Date:
09/19/2018
Extremely Small and Fast: Laser Ignites Hot Plasma

With the aid of the powerful X-ray free-electron laser at SLAC in California, HZDR researchers were able to investigate the plasma processes on the small scales of a few nanometers and femtoseconds on which the turbulent laser interaction with the particles to be accelerated takes place.

When light pulses from an extremely powerful laser system are fired onto material samples, the electric field of the light rips the electrons off the atomic nuclei. For fractions of a second, a plasma is created. The electrons couple with the laser light in the process, thereby almost reaching the speed of light.
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Date:
09/18/2018
Condensation enhancement: Practical Energy and Water Applications

(A) Dropwise condensation on a hydrophobic plain surface. (B) Filmwise condensation on a hydrophilic plain surface. (C) Sucking flow condensation on a hi-mesh surface consisting of the droplet-to-film coalescence and film-to-droplet sucking flow for efficient surface refreshing and droplet growth. (D) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of the hi-mesh surface consisting of woven mesh wires bonded onto a copper substrate. (E) SEM image showing the high-density nanostructures covering the mesh wires and substrate. (F) Time-lapse sucking flow condensation figures on the hi-mesh surface. (G) Sustaining enhanced condensation heat transfer on the hi-mesh surfaces.

Condensation heat transfer plays an essential role in the efficiency of various energy-intensive industrial technologies including power generation, energy utilization, water desalination and harvesting, air-conditioning, and thermal management of electronics. It is well known that dropwise condensation on the
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Date:
09/17/2018
Dartmouth's Formula Hybrid Wins Coveted Award
The race car design competition Formula Hybrid has been awarded one of the most coveted prizes in engineering education, the ABET Innovation Award. Launched by the Thayer School of
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Date:
09/17/2018
Munich, Germany, and Milpitas, USA – With a global need to reinforce the security of connected devices that are designed to work without regular human interaction as part of the Internet of Things (IoT), semiconductor-based security pioneer
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Date:
09/17/2018
Growing Computers in Petri Dishes

In the research, images of handwritten digits will be encoded into what are called 'spike train stimuli,' similar to a two-dimensional bar code. The encoding of the spike train will then be optically applied to a group of networked in vitro neurons with optogenetic labels.

Will the computers of tomorrow be manufactured, or will they be cultivated? This question lies at the heart of new research from Lehigh University that aims to engineer a neural network--a computer system modeled on the human brain and nervous system--from actual living cells, and program it to compute
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Date:
09/14/2018
A Serial Gas Turbine Engine With a 3D-Printed Combustion Chamber

Tested combustion chambers as a component of a serial SGTE is one of the starting stages of the project on creation of a series of new gas turbine drives for energy units with capacity of 400 kW working on biofuel.

Samara University scholars tested one of the key details of aviation gas turbine engine, i.e. combustion chamber "grown" with the help of 3D-printing. It was set and tested on a production model of a small gas turbine engine TA-8 (SGTE) used as an auxiliary power unit of aircraft TU-134. "We
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Date:
09/14/2018
FEFU Young Scientists Developing Laser Equipment Materials
Ceramic heterostructures for optical and microelectronic devices will provide the supremacy in such fields like range findings, optical communications, data laser processing and recording. Work is carrying out under the grant support of the Russian foundation for basic research (RFBR). Young scientists
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Date:
09/13/2018
Drones, Ride Sharers Could Team up for Package Delivery

Naira Hovakimyan, a professor of mechanical science and engineering, directs the Advanced Controls Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

In the future, when you hail an Uber or take the bus, you might not only be sharing the ride with another traveler, but perhaps with a drone out on delivery as well. That is the vision of Naira Hovakimyan, professor of mechanical science and engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who
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Date:
09/11/2018
Barriers and Opportunities in Renewable Biofuels Production

Eduard Kerkhoven, Project leader, Computational Metabolic Engineering, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have identified two main challenges for renewable biofuel production from cheap sources. Firstly, lowering the cost of developing microbial cell factories, and secondly, establishing more efficient methods for hydrolysis of biomass to sugars for fermentation.
. . . Read More
Date:
09/11/2018
TOKYO, Japan | San Jose, California, U.S.A.―Renesas Electronics Corporation and Integrated Device Technology, Inc. announced they have signed a definitive agreement under which Renesas will acquire IDT for US$49.00 per share in an all-cash transaction representing an equity value of approximately
. . . Read More
Date:
09/11/2018
How Electromagnetic Waves and Magnetic Materials Interact

Left to right: Yuanxun "Ethan" Wang, Tatsuo Itoh, Zhi Yao, and Rustu Umut Tok.

UCLA Samueli engineers have developed a new tool to model how magnetic materials, which are used in smartphones and other communications devices, interact with incoming radio signals that carry data. It accurately predicts these interactions down to the nanometer scales required to build state-of-the-art communications
. . . Read More
Date:
09/10/2018
Robot Can Pick Up Any Object After Inspecting It

Manuelli uses the DON system and Kuka robot to grasp a cup.

Humans have long been masters of dexterity, a skill that can largely be credited to the help of our eyes. Robots, meanwhile, are still catching up. Certainly there's been some progress: for decades robots in controlled environments like assembly lines have been able to pick up the same object over and over again. More
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Date:
09/10/2018
Assessing How Interference Impacts on Wireless Networks
The methodology is based on the 3D Ray Launching simulation tool and enables estimates to be made about the propagation of electromagnetic waves through space (or radio propagation) in interior environments (homes, buildings, hospitals, stations, sports areas, shopping areas, industrial environments, etc.) and
. . . Read More
Date:
09/07/2018
Could AI Robots Develop Prejudice on Their Own?
Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested. Computer science and psychology experts from Cardiff University and MIT have shown that groups of autonomous machines
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Date:
09/07/2018
Pushing 'Print' on Large-Scale Piezoelectric Materials

Atomic force microscopy imaging of 2D GaPO4 and piezoelectric measurements at varying applied voltages

--First ever large-scale 2D surface deposition of piezoelectric material --Simple, inexpensive technique opens new fields for piezo-sensors & energy harvesting Researchers have developed a revolutionary method to 'print' large-scale sheets of two dimensional piezoelectric material, opening
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Date:
09/06/2018
AVX Honored with 2017 TTI Supplier Excellence Award
FOUNTAIN INN, S.C. – AVX Corporation has earned a TTI Supplier Excellence Award in the EMEA region, which comprises Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, for the fourth consecutive year. Bestowed by TTI, Inc., a leading global electronic components distributor, the award honors AVX for its successful fulfillment
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Date:
09/05/2018
Changing the Type of Silicon Etching Drops Solar Power Costs

Joshua Pearce, professor of material sciences and electrical engineering at Michigan Technological University, has found a way to lower cost of solar power by 10 percent, which could drive investment in the industry.

At the end of one of the hottest summers on record, as fights about how to power homes rage, renewable solar energy continues to present an option that does not significantly add greenhouse gases to the environment in exchange for lighting and cooling our homes. And it's just been given another edge through
. . . Read More
Date:
09/05/2018
Grant Aims Students Toward Next-Gen Bioelectronics

A graphic shows steps to bioelectronics.

A team of cross-discipline collaborators at Rice University has received a $3 million National Science Foundation (NSF) research traineeship grant to start a graduate-level bioelectronics program. Bioelectronics is a developing field that promises to revolutionize interactions between living and electronic
. . . Read More
Date:
09/05/2018
SiTime and Bosch Accelerate Innovation in MEMS Timing for 5G and IoT
SANTA CLARA, Calif. – SiTime Corporation and Bosch announced a strategic technology partnership to accelerate innovation in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) timing. SiTime will work with Bosch to develop processes for next-generation MEMS resonator products. These MEMS resonators are the heartbeat
. . . Read More
Date:
09/04/2018
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