New ENLIGHT'EM project, coordinated by IMDEA Networks Institute, is set to use Visible Light Communications (VLC) technology to bring connectivity and sustainable ubiquitous communication networks to every LED bulb.
IMDEA Networks Institute launched this month in Madrid (Spain) a new Marie Curie European
Solid-state batteries - a new battery design that uses all solid components - have gained attention in recent years because of their potential to hold much more energy while simultaneously avoiding the safety challenges of their liquid-based counterparts.
But building a long-lasting solid-state battery
SECOM and Tokyo Tech jointly developed a millimeter wave wireless communication system that enables long distance communication, and succeeded in transmitting 4K uncompressed video in real time from a drone.
SECOM and Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) jointly developed a millimeter wave wireless communication system that enables long distance communication, and succeeded in transmitting 4K uncompressed video in real time from a drone.
SECOM is focusing on services for securing wide area facilities
Ujjwal Das, an associate scientist at the University of Delaware's Institute of Energy Conversion, examines a silicon wafer after a thin layer of sulfur - less than 5 nanometers thick - was deposited on the surface. In the background, doctoral students Robert Theisen and Isaac Lam watch a silicon wafer emerge from the atmospheric pressure vapor treatment reactor, where it was treated with hydrogen sulfide and hydrogen selenide gases. The reactor was developed at IEC.
In their quest to improve our ability to capture and distribute the Earth's greatest potential source of power--the sun--scientists are exploring every square nanometer of solar cells, looking for new ways to improve their voltage and efficiency, while reducing costs.
The University of Delaware has
Graphic showing van der Waals BSCCO device. (a) Optical image of Hall bar device, (b) Cross-sectional view of a typical device in scanning TEM. Columns of atoms are visible as dark spots; black arrows point to bismuth oxide layers (darkest spots), while gray arrows show their extrapolated positions. (c) Resistivity as a function of temperature for devices of a different thickness.
Phase transitions occur when a substance changes from a solid, liquid or gaseous state to a different state -- like ice melting or vapor condensing. During these phase transitions, there is a point at which the system can display properties of both states of matter simultaneously. A similar effect occurs when
RIVERSIDE, Calif. -- A joint team of scientists at the University of California, Riverside, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is getting closer to confirming the existence of an exotic quantum particle called Majorana fermion, crucial for fault-tolerant quantum computing -- the kind of quantum computing
(Left) Schematic of the layered crystal structure of SnSe. (Right) Pressure dependence of thermoelectric power factor at 150 K and 300 K for SnSe. Inset shows the schematic illustration of the corresponding change in valley topology in SnSe.
Osaka, Japan - Researchers at Osaka University have been able to enhance the power factor of a promising thermoelectric material by more than 100% by varying the pressure, paving the way for new materials with improved thermoelectric properties. Thermoelectric materials have the unique ability to generate electricity
Quantum computation has been drawing the attention of many scientists because of its potential to outperform the capabilities of standard computers for certain tasks. For the realization of a quantum computer, one of the most essential features is quantum entanglement. This describes an effect in which several
Biochips are driving next-generation DNA sequencing technologies, and this powerful combination is capable of solving unique and important biological problems, such as single-cell, rare-cell or rare-molecule analysis, which next-generation sequencing can't do on its own. In APL Bioengineering, researchers from Seoul National University explore the role advancements in biochip technology are playing in driving groundbreaking scientific discoveries and breakthroughs in medicine via next-generation sequencing, aka high-throughput sequencing. This image shows perspectives on potential biochips used for next generation sequencing for promising applications in biotechnology.
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Biochips are essentially tiny laboratories designed to function inside living organisms, and they are driving next-generation DNA sequencing technologies. This powerful combination is capable of solving unique and important biological problems, such as single-cell, rare-cell or rare-molecule
Samarium sulfide doped with various rare earth elements shrinks as the temperature increases from about minus 175°C to about 40-60°C. Shown here is the relative linear shrinkage compared to the length at about 120°C. For the Cerium (Ce) dopant, the percentage volume decrease is about 2.6%. These samples were produced by an industrially scalable process, paving the way for practical applications of this class of sulfides as thermal-expansion compensators.
One way that heat damages electronic equipment is it makes components expand at different rates, resulting in forces that cause micro-cracking and distortion. Plastic components and circuit boards are particularly prone to damage due to changes in volume during heating and cooling cycles. But if a material could
Jiming Bao, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Houston, led an international group of researchers investigating how a two-dimensional perovskite composed of cesium, lead and bromine was able to emit a strong green light.
Researchers drew attention three years ago when they reported that a two-dimensional perovskite - a material with a specific crystal structure - composed of cesium, lead and bromine emitted a strong green light. Crystals that produce light on the green spectrum are desirable because green light, while valuable
Multi-junction solar cells are both the most efficient type of solar cell on the market today and the most expensive type of solar cell to produce. In a proof-of-concept paper, researchers from North Carolina State University detail a new approach for creating multi-junction solar cells using off-the-shelf components,
NEW YORK -- Quantum computers, which use light particles (photons) instead of electrons to transmit and process data, hold the promise of a new era of research in which the time needed to realize lifesaving drugs and new technologies will be significantly shortened. Photons are promising candidates for quantum
Researchers from the Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems and the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a bionic stretchable nanogenerator (BSNG) that takes inspiration from electric eels.
The scientists hope the new technology will meet the tough demands of wearable
HANOVER, N.H. - Using smartphones, fitness bracelets and a custom app, researchers have created a mobile-sensing system that judges employee performance.
The system works by monitoring the physical, emotional and behavioral well-being of workers to classify high and low performers.
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH)
A voice-recognition feature can be easily found on mobile phones these days. Often times, we experience an incident where a speech recognition application is activated in the middle of a meeting or a conversation in the office. Sometimes, it is not activated at all regardless of numbers of times we call out
MIDDLEBOROUGH, Mass. – Sager Electronics announced it has entered into a purchase agreement to acquire Technical Power Systems (TPS), a specialist in the production of custom battery assemblies headquartered in Lisle, Illinois.
Sager Electronics President Frank Flynn, stated, “Sager,
Dr. Kee-hoon Kim's team at the Center for Intelligent & Interactive Robotics of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST, President Byung-gwon Lee) developed a way of teaching "impedance-controlled robots" through human demonstrations using surface electromyograms (sEMG)* of muscles
Electric cars struggle with extreme temperatures, mainly because of impacts on the electrolyte solutions in their lithium-ion batteries. Now, researchers have developed new electrolytes containing multiple additives that work better over a wide temperature range. They report their results in ACS Applied Materials
RICHLAND, WASHINGTON - An advanced manufacturing process to produce nano structured rods and tubes directly from high-performance aluminum alloy powder -- in a single step -- was recently demonstrated by researchers from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
Using a novel Solid Phase Processing
Tsukuba, Japan - A team at the University of Tsukuba studied a novel process for creating coherent lattice waves inside silicon crystals using ultrashort laser pulses. Using theoretical calculations combined with experimental results that were obtained at the University of Pittsburgh, they were able to show
(a) Product of microwave photoconductivity intensity and its lifetime of oxyhalide photocatalyt 2 vs calcination temperature. The microwave measurements suggest the optimal temperature of 600 ? that is 100 ? lower than the reported one. (b) O2-evolution rate of oxyhalide photocatalyt 2 prepared by different calcination temperature.
Osaka, Japan - Photocatalysts that harness light energy and use it to split water into hydrogen and oxygen attract significant scholarly attention, owing to the appeal of hydrogen as a potential clean energy source. However, the optimization of photocatalyst candidate materials usually requires a considerable
Rice University researchers (from left) Pratiksha Dongare, Alessandro Alabastri and Oara Neumann showed that Rice's 'nanophotonics-enabled solar membrane distillation' (NESMD) system was more efficient when the size of the device was scaled up and light was concentrated in 'hot spots.'
HOUSTON -- Rice University's solar-powered approach for purifying salt water with sunlight and nanoparticles is even more efficient than its creators first believed.
Researchers in Rice's Laboratory for Nanophotonics (LANP) this week showed they could boost the efficiency of their solar-powered desalination
(a) Cross-sectional TEM image of a TiN/HfZrO2/IGZO capacitor. Each layer was uniformly formed. HfZrO2 layer is uniformly crystallized having ferroelectric phase. (b) Measured polarization charge versus voltage of a TiN/HfZrO2/IGZO capacitor. Clear ferroelectricity was confirmed.
As a part of JST PRESTO program, Associate professor Masaharu Kobayashi, Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, has developed a ferroelectric FET (FeFET) with ferroelectric-HfO2 and ultrathin IGZO channel. Nearly ideal subthreshold swing (SS) and mobility higher than poly-silicon channel have
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University
A protective layer of epoxy resin helps prevent the leakage of pollutants from perovskite solar cells (PSCs), report scientists from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST). Adding a "self-healing" polymer to the top of a PSC can radically reduce how much lead it
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital are taking advantage of a unique phenomenon of nanoparticles to develop a test for early detection of different types of diseases, including cancer. Through previous investigations, Morteza Mahmoudi, PhD, now a biomedical investigator in the Department of Anesthesiology,
The UC3M's researchers coordinating the scientific part of the project, Fernando García y Abdulla al-Kaff, from the Department of Systems Engineering and Automation, have developed the complete automatic flight system, as well as the interface with which the emergency service can access information about what
We are all familiar with the image of electrons zipping around an atom's nucleus and forming chemical bonds in molecules and materials. But what is less known is that electrons have an additional unique property: spin. It is difficult to make an analogy, but one could crudely describe electron spin as a spinning-top
Professor Hongsoo Choi in the DGIST Department of Robotics Engineering (left), first author and Ph.D. student Seong Woong Jeon (right), senior Researcher Jin-young Kim at DGIST-ETH Microrobot Research Center (middle)
DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)
DGIST research team succeeded in developing stem cell delivery of scaffold1 microrobot that can precisely deliver cells to a target body tissue. This research achievement is expected to enhance the treatment safety and efficiency of degenerative neural disorders as it can precisely transplant the
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center
The Frontera supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) earned the #5 spot on the twice-annual Top500 list , which ranks the world's most powerful non-distributed computer systems. Located at The University of Texas at Austin,
A team of scientists from DESY and the University of Hamburg has achieved an important milestone in the quest for a new type of compact particle accelerator. Using ultra-powerful pulses of laser light, they were able to produce particularly high-energy flashes of radiation in the terahertz range having a sharply
Carbon-neutral fuels are crucial for making aviation and maritime transport sustainable. ETH researchers have developed a solar plant to produce synthetic liquid fuels that release as much CO2 during their combustion as previously extracted from the air for their production. CO2 and water are extracted directly
TE’s Intercontec connectors deliver a reliable, customized solution for data, power, and signal transmission. The modular, highly versatile connectors are suitable for an extensive range of applications, including robotics, drive systems, medical
How can you send documents, watch educational videos or work collaboratively in regions where there is no internet coverage or electricity? These were the challenging questions taken up by researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, who have developed a standalone box, known as the Beekee Box,
The development of power and propulsion technologies for future unmanned aircraft systems will deliver more reach, lethality and protection for the Army's modernization efforts -- all issues that are center stage for a group of researchers from the Army's corporate research laboratory and its partners across academia and industry at a recent University of Illinois at Chicago event. The MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System addresses the need for a long-endurance, armed, unmanned aircraft system that offers greater range, altitude and payload flexibility over earlier systems.
The development of power and propulsion technologies for future unmanned aircraft systems will deliver more reach, lethality and protection for the Army's modernization efforts - all issues that are center stage for a group of researchers from the Army's corporate research laboratory and its partners across
A national consortium has been awarded additional funding to cement the UK's position as a global leader in offshore renewable energy (ORE) innovation and research.
The Supergen ORE hub was created in July 2018 to bring together a network of academic, industrial and policy stakeholders to champion
WASHINGTON, D.C. - Sustainable communities supplied by local renewable energy production are beginning to be established in the U.S. By using energy-efficient buildings and distributing means of energy generation, such as solar panels, throughout buildings in these districts, the communities manage to produce
ITHACA, N.Y. - Cornell University researchers are expressing hope for the future of Houston's breathable air, despite the city's poor rankings in the American Lung Association's 2019 "State of the Air" report.
The report, released in April, ranked Houston ninth nationally for worst ozone
The newly developed magnetic objective-lens system is installed. Combined with a higher-order aberration corrector (shown above in the objective-lens system), this system can focus an electron beam to the atomic scale.
Under the JST-SENTAN program (Development of System and Technology for Advanced Measurement and Analysis, Japan Science and Technology Agency), the joint development team of Prof. Naoya Shibata at the University of Tokyo and JEOL Ltd., has developed a revolutionary electron microscope that incorporates newly
Osaka, Japan - Polypropylene (PP) is everywhere, being one of the most widely used plastics in human life. A versatile material, its naturally inert surface can be modified for specific applications. Researchers at Osaka University have now developed a convenient light-driven process for oxidizing PP without
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and nitrogen to produce a variety of plastics and fuels, a promising first step toward low-cost carbon sequestration and eco-friendly manufacturing for chemicals.
By using light-activated
Using a box built from stacked atomically thin layers of the material tungsten disulphide (see the atomic model), Chalmers researchers have succeeded in creating a type of feedback loop in which light and matter become one. This new concept involves two distinct processes being housed in the same nanodisk. The box has a diameter of only 100 nanometres (0.00001 centimetres) and opens the way to new fundamental research and more compact solutions in nanophotonics.
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a completely new way of capturing, amplifying and linking light to matter at the nanolevel. Using a tiny box, built from stacked atomically thin material, they have succeeded in creating a type of feedback loop in which light and matter
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new deep learning models that can accurately predict the properties of molecules and crystals. By enabling almost instantaneous property predictions, these deep learning models provide researchers the means to rapidly scan the nearly-infinite
For more than a year, GozNym, a gang of five Russian cyber criminals, stole login credentials and emptied bank accounts from unaware Americans. To detect and quickly respond to escalating cyber-attacks like these, researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have developed the first framework
Since the output of renewable energy such as photovoltaic generation tends to fluctuate, the power system can be viewed as a large-scale complex system with uncertainty. To stabilize the balance of supply and demand of electricity, we need an energy management system to control this. In recent years, energy
By combining their expertise, Xin Zhang, Stephan Anderson, Guangwu Duan, and Xiaoguang Zhao designed a magnetic metamaterial that can create clearer images at more than double the speed of a standard MRI scan.
Could a small ringlike structure made of plastic and copper amplify the already powerful imaging capabilities of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine? Xin Zhang, Stephan Anderson, and their team at the Boston University Photonics Center can clearly picture such a feat. With their combined expertise in
Antennas made of carbon nanotube films are just as efficient as copper for wireless applications, according to researchers at Rice University's Brown School of Engineering. They're also tougher, more flexible and can essentially be painted onto devices.
The Rice lab of chemical and biomolecular engineer
The MAX77860 is ideal for USB Type-C charging for single-cell (1S) lithium-ion or lithium-polymer applications, portable medical equipment, portable industrial equipment, and mobile point-of-sale devices, as well as smartphones and Internet of Things (IoT) applications.
The loads can be low-power embedded IPCs, gateways, motors, sensors, actuators or cameras in the field of industrial control, process and automation technology, medical and laboratory applications as well as safety equipment.
A group of American and Chinese researchers has designed and tested a microgrid system that is both robust and reliable - and therefore capable of delivering energy safely and without interruptions. This is particularly important during harsh weather conditions and times of peak consumption and is critical for
BINGHAMTON, N.Y. - In the future, small paper and plastic devices will be able to connect to the internet for a short duration, providing information on everything from healthcare to consumer products, before they are thrown away. Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have developed
MILPITAS, Calif. — SEMI, the global industry association representing the electronics manufacturing and design supply chain, reported that worldwide semiconductor manufacturing equipment billings for the first quarter of 2019 dropped 8 percent from the previous quarter and 19 percent from the same quarter
WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. -- Electric cars rely on the same lithium-ion battery technology that's in smartphones, laptops and virtually everything electronic.
But the technology has been extremely slow to improve. While electric cars can more than handle the average American's daily commute, the average
A plastic bucket and a plastic bag contain a 5-gallon supply of carbon nanotubes in a lab at Rice University, the beginning of the process to safely transfer the nanotubes for experimental use. The Rice lab published its technique in SN Applied Sciences.
HOUSTON - With a little practice, it doesn't take much more than 10 minutes, a couple of bags and a big bucket to keep nanomaterials in their place.
The Rice University lab of chemist Andrew Barron works with bulk carbon nanotubes on a variety of projects. Years ago, members of the lab became concerned
DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)
DGIST developed a core technology that supports a fast and efficient large-scale data analysis, which can have a huge impact on large-scale data analysis in a near future.
DGIST announced on May 21st that Professor Min-Soo Kim's team in the Department of Information and Communication Engineering developed
Measured and calculated dichroic absorptive part of the magneto-optical function of Cobalt. Including local field effects (LFE) and many-body corrections brings the fully ab-initio theory into very good agreement with experiment.
Probing magnetic materials with extreme ultraviolet radiation allows to obtain a detailed microscopic picture of how magnetic systems interact with light - the fastest way to manipulate a magnetic material. A team of researchers led by the Max Born Institute has now provided the experimental and theoretical
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and NEC Corporation, Japan, present a 39 GHz transceiver with built-in calibration for fifth-generation (5G) applications. The advantages to be gained include better quality communications as well as cost-effective scalability.
A team of more
A consortium of scientists from the Medical Imaging Center (University Medical Center Groningen), Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (University of Amsterdam), Palacky University in Olomouc, the University of Nantes, Stratingh Institute for Chemistry (University of Groningen) and the European Laboratory